You may have heard of porcelain’s elegance, excellent resistance, durability, simplicity of washing, and ease of maintenance. However, did you realize that there are two distinct varieties of ceramic tiles available? Today, we’ll outline the key distinctions between glazed porcelain and technical porcelain tiles.

Despite sharing similar traits, each possesses a unique quirk. Keeping in mind that both have high-quality porcelain tiles and that their bases are constructed of the same material and that their production procedures are extremely comparable, is significant.

Learn more about the following distinctions between glazed porcelain and technical porcelain:

Modern porcelain tiles

Technical porcelain is a ceramic composite product made from a mass of noble raw materials that has been compressed and burned at high temperatures. Both the base and the coated surface have the same hue.

They were previously only available in monochrome, but modern print technology for technical porcelain allows items to get effects like stone and marble up via products that directly penetrate the mass.

Water absorption is 0,1%, and the finishing is corrected. In order to minimize the appearance of the grout between the plates, this indicates that the sides are precisely straight.

Porcelain Enamel

But in addition to the abundance of fine raw materials, the glazed porcelain also goes through an additional phase in the manufacturing process called enameling, during which a glaze coating is applied to the workmanship. This enables the application of a variety of ornamental effects, such as coatings with desired wood textures, on the surface of porcelain.

Water absorption of 0,5% is one of the technical qualities that glazed porcelain shares almost exactly with technical porcelain. The availability of the rectified and non-rectified enameled porcelain tiles varies depending on the product selected.

The emergence of a flaw known as delayed curvature is frequently the cause of the dimensional variation that is recognized as warping in large-format ceramic tiles. This issue is related to residual tensions that are produced inside of these substantial ceramic particles as a result of the creation of a liquid phase during the sintering process. The goal of the current study is to determine how the interaction between the manufacturing process parameters and the raw materials affects dimensional variation and water absorption. To limit the dimensional variance, an alternate control mechanism was developed to achieve this.

All of the raw ingredients in the study’s standard formulation were physico-chemically characterized in order to meet this goal. By looking at the technical characterizations and procedural control factors used to make coatings using the standard formulation by applying specified procedures, the dimensional variance was examined. Following heat treatment at two temperatures of 1191 °C (process temperature) and 1203 °C, the dimensional fluctuation and water absorption were observed every day for up to 10 days (test temperature). These analyses, which were done on a small scale in a pilot project, showed that the internal tension of certain porcelain stoneware tile pieces tended to resolve after 72 hours of heat treatment (firing), greatly reducing the dimensional variance in these areas.

Currently, the market for ceramic tiles is shifting to large-format porcelain stoneware tiles in response to the demands of the civil construction industry. Ceramic companies have been working hard recently to advance their technology in order to compete more effectively in the global market. As a result, the industry is gradually shifting its focus toward the hunt for novel materials with technological attributes that pose a threat to conventional production techniques.

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